Tuesday, July 14, 2020
ISFP Personality Characteristics, Myths & Cognitive Functions Theories Personality Psychology Print ISFP: The Artist (Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving) An Overview of the ISFP Personality Type By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on May 10, 2019 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Overview Intuitive-Thinking INTJ INTP ENTJ ENTP Intuitive-Feeling INFJ INFP ENFJ ENFP Sensing-Judging ISTJ ISFJ ESTJ ESFJ Sensing-Perceiving ISTP ISFP ESTP ESFP In This Article Table of Contents Expand Key ISFP Characteristics Cognitive Functions Personal Relationships Career Paths Tips for Interacting With ISFPs View All ISFP is a four-letter code representing one of the 16 personality types identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.?? People with an ISFP personality are frequently described as quiet, easy-going and peaceful. Illustration by JR Bee, Verywell According to David Keirsey, the creator of the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, approximately 5 to 10 percent of people have an ISFP personality type. ISFP is the opposite of ENTJ. Key ISFP Characteristics ISFPs like to keep their options open, so they often delay making decisions in order to see if things might change or if new options come up.According to Myers-Briggs, ISFPs are kind, friendly, sensitive and quiet. Unlike extroverts who gain energy from interacting with other people, introverts must expend energy around others.?? After spending time with people, introverts often find that they need a period of time alone. Because of this, they typically prefer to intermingle with a small group of close friends and family members.While they are quiet and reserved, they are also known for being peaceful, caring, and considerate. ISFPs have an easy-going attitude and tend to accept other people as they are.ISFPs like to focus on the details. They spend more time thinking about the here and now rather than worrying about the future.ISFPs tend to be doers rather than dreamers. They dislike abstract theories unless they can see some type of practical application for them and prefer learnin g situations that involve gaining hands-on experience. Strengths Very aware of their environment Practical Enjoys hands-on learning Loyal to values and beliefs Weaknesses Dislikes abstract, theoretical information Reserved and quiet Strong need for personal space Dislikes arguments and conflict Cognitive Functions The MBTI identifies four key cognitive functions (thinking, feeling, intuition, and sensing) that are either directed outwardly (extraverted) or inwardly (introverted). The hierarchical order to these functions is what determines each individuals unique personality. Dominant: Introverted Feeling ISFPs care more about personal concerns rather than objective, logical information.People with this personality type deal with information and experiences based upon how they feel about them.ISFPs have their own value system and create spontaneous judgments based upon how things fit with their own idea. Auxiliary: Extraverted Sensing People with ISFP personalities are very in tune with the world around them. They are very much attuned to sensory information and are keenly aware when even small changes take place in their immediate environment. Because of this, they often place a high emphasis on aesthetics and appreciate the fine arts.They are focused on the present moment, taking in new information and then taking action. They have a strong sense of their immediate surroundings, often noticing small details that others might overlook. When remembering events from the past, they are able to recall strong visual imagery and sights, smells, and sounds can evoke powerful memories associated with those senses. Tertiary: Introverted Intuition This function tends to run in the background, feeding off of the extraverted sensing function.As ISFPs take in details about the world, they often develop gut feelings about events and situations. While they generally do not like abstract concepts or ideas, this introverted intuition function may lead them to experience epiphanies about themselves and others. Inferior: Extraverted Thinking One weakness that ISFPs may have is in organizing, although they may use this function more prominently in certain situations.This function is all about looking for the most efficient way to do something. An ISFP might become focused on being very precise about the details and finding the most effective way to express an idea. ISFPs You Might Know Marilyn Monroe, actressAuguste Rodin, sculptorDavid Beckham, soccer playerNeil Simon, playwrightHarry Potter, fictional character Personal Relationships ISFPs are introverted. They tend to be reserved and quiet, especially around people they do not know well. They prefer spending time with a close group of family and friends. ISFPs are very private and keep their true feelings to themselves. In some cases, they may avoid sharing their thoughts, feelings and opinions with other people in their life, even their romantic partners. Because they prefer not to share their innermost feelings and try to avoid conflict, they often defer to the needs or demands of others. ISFPs have strong values but are not concerned with trying to convince other people to share their point of view. They care deeply about other people, particularly their closest friends and family. They are action-oriented and tend to show their care and concern through action rather than discussing feelings or expressing sentiments. Career Paths People with ISFP personalities love animals and have a strong appreciation for nature. They may seek out jobs or hobbies that put them in contact with the outdoors and with animals. Because ISFPs prefer to focus on the present, they often do well in careers that are concerned with practical, real-world problems. Jobs that offer a great deal of personal freedom and autonomy are especially appealing to ISFPs. Popular ISFP Careers ArtistComposer or musicianChefDesignerForest rangerNurseNaturalistPediatricianPsychologistSocial workerTeacherVeterinarian Tips for Interacting With ISFPs Friendships ISFPs are friendly and get along well with other people, but they typically need to get to know you well before they really open up.You can be a good friend to an ISFP by being supporting an accepting of who they are.ISFPs can be light-hearted and fun, but they are also quite intense at times. Recognize that there will be times when your friend wants to share and times when he or she will want to retreat to a more personal space. Parenting ISFP children tend to be perfectionists and can be their own harshest critics.Because they place such high expectations on themselves, they often underestimate or undervalue their own skills and talents.If you are a parent to ISFP child, you can help your child by encouraging them to be kind to themselves and recognize their value. Relationships ISFPs are very considerate in relationships, often to the point that they will continually defer to their partner.Because they are usually not good at expressing their own feelings and needs, it is important that you make an effort to understand your partner.When making decisions, ensure that your partners voice is heard and his or her feelings are given equal weight.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Technology In The Industrial Revolution Changes in the way people worked, the reformation of social class structure, the concepts that people had about social classes, and the modified international balance of political power were all attributes of the Industrial Revolution. The Revolutions radical changes effected the human experience in both negative and positive means. One aspect that had a positive significant impact on the Revolution was the advancement in technology. Exactly when the development of industry began can be answered according to different definitions of industry. Industry may be viewed in terms of energy use. The Industrial Revolution may have begun when people stopped using human and animal power, andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦England began to establish a new form of industrial technology which worked simultaneously with industrial growth. Previous to the Industrial Revolution, from 1700 to 1760, industry grew only 0.7 percent. Later when the Revolutio n was at its height, between 1801 and 1831 industry grew 3 percent (McKay 729). There were two key inventions that had a huge impact on the Industrial Revolution. John Kay, an English engineer invented the flying shuttle. They flying shuttle was a machine that made cotton workers capable of weaving much faster. Kay received the patent for the flying shuttle on May 26, 1733. Thirty-one years late in 1764, an English carpenter name James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny. This machine multiplied the amount of yarn produced. The only setback was that the spinning jenny produced only one type of yarn needed for weaving (Bruno 158). Then another inventor, Richard Arkwright, made the water frame. This invention made it possible to produce the other type of yarn needed and required much waterpower. The new spinning machine that Arkwright invented was made of a frame, which was too large and too expensive to fit in a small cottage. In The Timetable of Technology, it states th at Arkwright is the founder of the modern factory. He is named the founder because he built a house for his new water frame, and then employed one thousand people to work the spinning machine. This new factory started operating inShow MoreRelatedTechnology From The Industrial Revolution1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInnovations in technology from the Industrial Revolution to today have changed work and the workplace. Robots and other automated machines do many human jobs. One study concluded that about 50 percent of US workers could be replaced by robots in the next 10 to 20 years (Jones, 2016, para. 3). Even though robots will replace some jobs done by humans, there will be new and higher skilled jobs for workers. Some people worry that robots will have a negative impact on humans in the future. However, peopleRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution : New Objects, Materials, And Technology1341 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeen a period of innovation and development as profound and impactful as the Industrial Revolution. The industrial revolution produced new objects, materials, and technology fulfilling many purposes. In 1750 a shift occurred and design became a profession, which resulted in a crossover between design and art. The growth of manufacturing resulted in the rise factories and a shift from an agrarian society to an urban industrial one one. England was a powerful manufacturing state due to natural resourcesRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution Lead The Foundation For Some Of The Technology892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution lead the foundation for some of the technology we have today. It is also created jobs for many, and made small cities double overnight. All those listed makes the Industrial Revolution seem great however it was not all too pleasant and many people from children to adults lost their lives due to this technology boom, over population also happen due to this revolution as well. Thankfully most of the awful things the Industrial Revolution createdRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution Of Europe1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimportant of the changes that brought about the Industrial Revolution were (1) the invention of machines to do the work of hand tools; (2) the use of steam, and later of other kinds of power, in place of the muscles of human beings and of animals; and (3) the adoption of the factory systemÃ¢â¬ (Industrial Revolution). The Industrial Revolution was a big event that happened in Europe. Those three main changes impacted everything in a huge way. The Industrial Revolution in Europe was a positive occurrence thatRead MoreThe Decline Of The Industrial Revolution1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestime period of 1750 to 1840. Throughout this time many changes in technology, changed the way americans lived their day to day life.All of these revolutionary changes that impacted millions of people s lives are thanks to the industrial revolution. This enormous movement known as the industrial revolution first started out in Great Britain later on spreading to the western world in the following decade. The Industrial revolution is considered a great change in human history due to the many positivesRead MoreIndustrial Revolution Essay1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSlavery, new energy sources, global trade, and technology all contributed to BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s Industrial Revolution.Ã Jane Burbank and Frederick Cooper emphasize the importance of slavery for the development of the Industrial revolution and capitalism. However, asÃ James Carter, Richard Warren, and Robert Marks demonstrate, global trade and new technology were just as important factors as slaveryÃ becauseÃ they increased both the efficiency of production and demand for British-made goods. Carter and WarrenRead MoreDescribe how the second industrial revolution of the late nineteenth century differed from the first industrial revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century.1420 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe second industrial revolution of the late nineteenth century differed from the first industrial revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. This paper intends to compare the first industrial revolution of the 17th and 18th centuries and the second industrial revolution of the mid-18th and 19th centuries. It will highlight the transformation from the first revolution to the second revolution, focusing on the presence of giant firms and role of science and technology in economicRead MoreIndustrialization : The Industrialization Of America Essay1650 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshowever, that has not always been the case. Before America became the industrial dynamo that is today, there were multiple other countries that it had to compete against such as China, England, Japan, and Germany. While each of these countries prospered at some point throughout their technological history, America was able to learn ways to adapt in order to compete against each and every one of them. The Industrial Revolution has contributed to America in a number of ways. It has contributed to theRead MoreIndustrial Revolution Essay1051 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pa gesAs the Industrial Revolution took place, many drastic changesÃ¢â¬ ¦ technological, social, economic, and cultural also occurred. The Industrial Age brought about a new order that gave rise to the world of skyscrapers, factories of mass-production, and electronic devices that we are accustomed to today. The everyday lives of ordinary people underwent a dramatic change for the better. Before the Industrial Age, people lived very simple and hardworking lives. Any food or clothing they had was produced byRead MoreModernism : The Age Of Rebellion Essay1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrapid social and economical changes, as technology evolved communication joined the modern lifestyle. The second industrial revolution was influential, the amount of progress it brought in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s gave America the ability to move forward and advance. The second industrial revolution industrialized not only technology, but caused time period called the roaring 20Ã¢â¬â¢s in which the average American took advantage of the progresses from the second industrial revolution. Throughout the roaring 20Ã¢â¬â¢s, Americans
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Being an early childhood/special education major, I decided to observe during my field experience hours in a preschool class at Prairie Children Preschool, in Aurora. In this classroom, I observed a blended classroom, with ten out of fifteen children having IEPs. Thus far, I have visited three times and have completed a total of nine hours in the classroom. One opportunity I have in my placement is to be able to observe in the classroom on Fridays, during which only students enrolled in the Preschool for all program. Through my field experience I was able to observe Ms. Vanessa Seppa in the blended classroom. I have observed her work with children towards goals that have been set. Only having experience in early education made me curious as to the difference from preschool to the upper grades. One of my relatives was a substitute in a special education class and connected me to Vanessa Villalobos, who is a special education teacher in middle school. I decided to interview Mrs. Seppa first because I wanted to be able to have a basis for the questions that I would ask Ms. Villalobos, who teaches in a sixth grade special education class. I noticed after reviewing and comparing responses from both teachers how much of a difference there was not only in the grade, but also the teacher. My first question was asking if they always wanted to be in the area of Special Education. I asked this because I knew I did not always see myself as a potential special educationShow MoreRelatedEarly Childhood Issues Of The 21st Century1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPart 1: Ã¢â¬Å"Early Childhood Issues of the 21st CenturyÃ¢â¬ Revision The issue that I have selected focuses on the importance of children and youth receiving early intervention, special education, and other related services under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Part B. IDEA includes 14 specific categories under which children may be found eligible for early intervention, special education, and related services. Those 14 specific categories include the following: (1) autism, (2) deaf-blindnessRead MoreImportance of Play1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Importance of Play ECE 430 Early Childhood Education Capstone Prof. Sublette Jennifer Bentley November 28, 2011 The Importance of Play Play is one aspect that is common in every childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The importance of play for children is huge. It is so much more than a recreational activity for them. Play is essential for children; it contributes to healthy child development cognitively, socially, and physically (McFadden, 2010). Because of this, it is vital for parents, caregivers, and educatorsRead MoreChildren s Academic And Social Competencies1549 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshigh-quality federally funded early childhood education programs, such as Early Head Start and Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge can eliminate paying a heavier price later through taxpayer burdens in special education and increased criminal justice expenditures. High-quality federally funded early childhood education programs have a positive effect on families and communities, and set children on a constructive educational path in the first years of their formal K-12 education and hopefully beyondRead MoreCritical Reflection1285 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesresearch in this area. Task: Students are to critically reflect on the professional responsibilities of managers and leaders in early childhood education and care. In this task, students are to identify and critically reflect on one current professional issue, linked to either 1) early childhood management, 2) early childhood leadership, or 3) advocacy in early childhood. The reflection needs to take into consideration current literature, topics raised in class, or gained from student s placementRead MoreThe Benefits of Early Childhood Education1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBenefits of Early Childhood Education The writer of Proverbs 22:6 wrote: Ã¢â¬Å"Train a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from itÃ¢â¬ . Early Education has benefits that can follow well into adult hood. Early childhood education is the organized practice of educating those who are in early childhood. According to the NAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children), early childhood spans the human life from birth to age eight (Early Childhood Education,Ã para.Read MoreEarly Childhood Education And Development853 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDuring this class, we have discussed many topics from the importance of Early Childhood Education, through all of the developmental stages and into the roots of behavioral issues. IÃ¢â¬â¢d have to say out of all the topics, the importance of Early Childhood Education and how children develop and learn from week 2 is what has stuck out the most to me. I have even found myself explaining the importance to friends, with information I have l earned from this course. For example, in a recent conversationRead MoreDescribe The Child Care Center1227 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesclassrooms are open door and to all who wish to visit, with permission of course. All teachers, supporting staff, and leadership personnel not only all have child care experience, but are required to have, at the lowest, an associateÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in Early Childhood as well. Mission Statement: To give security, comfort, and an overall positive educational experience that enriches self-discovery, creativity, and understanding. Child Care Center Goals and Objectives: To begin positive, creative learning inRead MoreThe First Few Years Of Young ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢S Lives Are Very1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesplays an active role in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s early childhood development and has a genuine desire to help them learn, grow and succeed in their education. These are just a few roles that early childhood educators play in the field of early childhood education, working with young children in their early childhood years of life. The requirements for becoming a teacher vary from state to state. In New York State, teachers must receive an undergraduate college education and obtain a degree from an accreditedRead MoreCurriculum Model : Montessori Method Essay1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesunderprivileged children, but found the principles and methodologies she was experimenting with to be applicable to all children. She had an impact on the field of education which is still felt today. Montessori schools are looked at as a viable alternative to traditional educational settings, and many practices which seem common to early childhood education today are a result of her contributions, which at the time were viewed as quite revolutionary. MAJOR ELEMENTS The Whole Child Approach The MontessoriRead MoreReflections on a Graduate Program1349 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesis the time for me to discuss the components of the program that have been of particular value to me, and why such program components have been of value. I appreciated learning about different teaching methodologies and perspectives regarding education. I found that learning about constructivism and objectivism quite valuable. I always knew that there were philosophical concepts that supported specific teaching methods, but I only had a superficial understanding of such ideas. Learning in greater
Microcredit programs have provided a hugely positive impact on third world and developing nations where employment opportunities are limited due to the collapsed and limited economies of these countries. What microcredit programs entail is the issuance of small loans to individuals who would not normally qualify for a loan because their lack of employment and collateral assets make them poor candidates in the eyes of financial institutions. Microcredit loans look past the risk involved regarding the issuance of the loan and provide initial venture capital to impoverished people start a small business. We will write a custom essay sample on Microcredit In Bangladesh or any similar topic only for you Order Now Of all the countries where microloans have proven successful, it would be the country of Bangladesh. Throughout its history, Bangladesh has suffered tremendously from a variety of maladies that have lead to its current economic depression. Under British colonial rule, the population suffered massive famines; and in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s a series of natural disasters lead to even further economic despair. Today, Bangladesh currently suffers from a severe overpopulation situation that has further pushed economic disaster. Because of its severe depression, Bangladesh was essentially the trial location to test of the feasibility of microcredit loans. Organizations such as Grameen Bank have special programs to provide charitable loans to Bangladesh and the bank has documented the proof that these loans are successful. According to Grameen Bank: Lasting peace can not be achieved unless large population groups findÃ ways in which to break out of poverty. Micro-credit is one such means. Development from below also serves to advance democracy and human rightsÃ¢â¬ ¦.. Every single individual on earth has both the potential and the right to live a decent life. Across cultures and civilizations, YunusÃ and Grameen Bank have shown that even the poorest of the poor canÃ work to bring about their own development. Microcredit programs have proven successful as a means of providing underprivileged people with an opportunity to rise out of a disadvantaged position. In fact, these programs have been so successful that many banks have started to reconsider the people of Bangladesh as Ã¢â¬Å"high riskÃ¢â¬ candidates for loans. That is, because the microloans have proved successful, there is a belief on many bankÃ¢â¬â¢s part that money lent to the people will return (with interest) when the borrower launches a successful business. The Microcredit Summit Campaign details a popular success story: With a gift of 10,000 CFA ($US 16) in 1994 from her father, [Yama Laye] set up a small table to sell essentials such as tea, sugar, salt, matches and sweets by the roadside. The profit she made never exceeded 500 CFA ( $.80) per day. Almost all her profits were spent on the purchase of essential food for her husband and her six-year-old child. Yes, all it took was a mere $16 to set in motion the ability for a family to be able to purchase the essential items needed for survival, a purchases that would not have been possible in the absence of the $16 grant. If anything, the microcredit loans have shown that there is always hope and there is always an answer, provided people work in concert together to find sane, sensible, effective means of solving a problem. In a way, Microcredit programs are a unique mix of financial philanthropy and human rights and it is a unique mix that has repeatedly been proven as successful. Works Cited Microcredit Summit Campaign. (2005) Results Educational Fund. 22 October 2006. URL http://www.microcreditsummit.org/newsletter/ borrower-Yama.html What is Microcredit? (January 2003) Muhammad Yunus. 22 October 2003. URL http://www.grameen-info.org/mcredit/index.html Ã How to cite Microcredit In Bangladesh, Essay examples
Friday, April 24, 2020
Several years ago I read the Chinese version of Uncle Toms Cabin. This book is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beechen Stows. This novel helped lay the groundwork for Civil War, accords to Will Kaufman. This book brought me the knowledge that there was a time existing slavery in the world. Also see the determination of people to abolish slavery and how hard they have tried. Slavery in American began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American Of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, to aid in the reduction of such lucrative crop as tobacco.Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation. The invention of the cotton gin in 1 793 solidified the central importance of slavery to the Souths economy. By the mid-19th century, Americas west. Vary expansion, along with a growing abolition movement in the North, would provoke a great debate over slavery that would tear the nation apart in the bloody American Civil War (1861-65). We will write a custom essay sample on Slavery Abolition or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Though the Union story freed the nations 4 million slaves, the legacy of slavery continued to influence American history, from the tumultuous years of Reconstruction (1865-77) to the civil rights movement that emerged in the 1 sass, a century after emancipation. What was it that brought slavery and freedom together, or in another word, what was it that made people unite and abolish slavery? First of all, let me explain what slave trade is. During the 16th and 1 7th, slave trade was a business which involved the importation of slaved to be used in the plantation, as described above.As can be seen, firearms, cloth salt and many other Items were shipped from the West to Africa, where they were swapped, or traded, for slaves, sometimes handed over by the chief of the tribe himself, who were then taken along the Middle Passage, which stretches across the Atlantic Ocean. After the Middle passage, the slave ships reach West Indies, where the slaves were traded for exotic good like rum and s ugar. These were then taken back to Britain, completing the triangle. The slaves werent treated as human beings, but like goods. Some of the slaves were thrown overboard, still alive.Most of the slaves died on the way to destination, which is because the terrible environment on the slave ship. When the slaves arrived things did not get much better. Generation to generation, slaves lost their family, freedom, even life. It was cruel. It is clear for us today, all man are created equal, there was no reason for a human being be treated inhumanity. Therefore, why must slavery abolished? There are several reason contribute to the result. The white middle-class protesters consisted of many different people, some in Parliament, and some with other high positions.There is one in particular who is recognized, called William Wilier force, who campaigned against slavery in parliament, but he was not the only one. Many other Middle-class people fought to abolish slavery, such as Thomas Clarion and Granville Sharp, who together persuaded Willpower to bring up the matter in Parliament. Granville Sharp first began in his fight against slavery in 1765, when he befriended an escaped slavery named Jonathan Strong. Strong unfortunately was spotted by his former slave owner, who tried to sell him back to the West Indies plantations.Sharp took the case to court, and won, meaning Strong was free. This inspired Granville Sharp to continue to fight for slaves in court, and the number of win piled up. He then continue aiding slaves until 1787, when he met Thomas Clarion, who had published a prize-winning essay on whether it was lawful or not to make slaves of humans. Together, they formed the Society for the Abolition of the Slave trade. Thomas Jefferson also plays an important role in slavery abolition. Thomas Jefferson was a consistent opponent of slavery his whole life.Calling it a moral depravity and a hideous blot, he believed that slavery presented the greatest threat to the survival of the new American nation. Jefferson also thought that slavery was contrary to the laws of nature, which decreed that everyone had a right to personal liberty. These views were radical in a world where unfreeze labor was the norm. At the time of the American Revolution, Jefferson was actively involved in legislation that he hoped would result in slaverys abolition. In 1 778, he drafted a Virginia law that prohibited the importation of enslaved Africans.In 1 784, he proposed n ordinance that would ban slavery in the Northwest Territories. But Jefferson always maintained that the decision to emancipate slaves would have to be part of a democratic process; abolition would be stymied until slave-owners consented to free their human property together in a large- scale act of emancipation. To Jefferson, it was anti-democratic and contrary to the principles of the American Revolution for the federal government to enact abolition or for only a few planters to free their slaves. These are powerful strength from white middle class to fight against slavery.It was not just white people that struggled for the abolishment of slavery; the enslaved has gone as well! Elizabeth Freeman, a slave, sued her master for her freedom on the basis of a paraphrase of the Declaration of Independence written in to the recently adopted state constitution: all men are born free and equal. If so, then how could someone own her? The judges agreed, ruling slavery unconstitutional in the state. One person stood out above the rest of me, though: Aloud Equation. Life stated off for Aloud in the Oboe Province, where he and his sister were kidnapped and sold into slavery when hey were old.They were then taken across the Atlantic Ocean to Barbados, and then to Virginia. While there, he was sold to Michael Pascal, a Ana officer who after remaining Aloud, teaching him to read and write, and spending eight years sailing with him, sold him on to the prominent merchant Robert King. Equation then managed to buy his own freedom, by trading alongside King. After traveling the world as a free man for twenty years, he became involved in the protest against slavery. He also became a member of the Son of Africa, who were black former slave campaigning against slavery.In 1789, he published his autobiography, which was The interesting Narrative of the life of Aloud Equation or Gustavo Vass. His example encouraged many other slaves to revolt, especially in Haiti, where they managed to completely overthrow the plantation there. Other plantation owner, who had heard the news, lived in fear that their slaves may have got the same idea. Those are description about black protest fight against slavery, fight for their own liberty. Without their own determination there will not be ones fight for someone elses freedom.Another reason for the abolition of slavery is partly due to economic. What this means is that slavery was an issue of economics to the South, and a moral dilemma for those Americans who lived in the North. By the mid-1850 the spirit of accommodation had all but vanished. Northern interest in Emancipation pushed by abolitionists, eroded relations between families North and South. William Lloyd Garrisons liberator was the extremist voice of abolitionism, calling for immediate emancipation of the slaves by extralegal means if necessary.Although are not representative of majority abolitionists opinion, this voice roused the deep seated fear of slave insurrection among Southerners, who pointed to the actions of Denmark Vessel, Mat Turner, and finally John Brown, as examples footpath could become a horror as great as Hags blood bath. As the Northern anti-slave movement changed its tactics from direct political action for example, a tax on slavery in the state legislature to general moral condemnation of all Southerners, Southern attitudes began to set.In the early sasss the South had claimed the arrest number of anti-slavery societies; by the mid-1850 all such societies were north of Mason Dixon Line. From an uneasy mood over slavery, Southerners evolved a positive good philosophy and argued that slave owners provided shelter, food, care, and regulation for a race unable to compete in the modern world without proper training.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Carnauba Wax Composition and Uses My son says my car smells like candy. This is not because I satisfy some sugar craving while driving, but because I waxed it with the same wax used to coat many candies. This is carnauba wax, also known as palm wax or Brazil wax. What is carnauba wax? Carnauba wax is an ingredient in many foods and household products. Heres a look at what carnauba wax is made of and the properties that make it such a useful chemical. Carnauba Wax Origin Carnauba wax is a natural wax. ItÃ comes from the leaves of the Copernicia prunifera palm grown only in Brazil. The wax is obtained by beating the wax off of the dried palm fronds and then refining it for use. The pure wax is yellow in color. Carnauba Wax Chemical Composition Carnauba wax consists of fatty acid esters (80-85%), fatty alcohols (10-16%), acids (3-6%) and hydrocarbons (1-3%). It is around 20% esterified fatty diols, 10% methoxylated or hydroxylated cinnamic acid, and 6% hydroxylated fatty acids. Properties and Uses Carnauba wax has a very high melting point of 82-86 Ã °C (180-187 Ã °F). It is harder than concrete and nearly insoluble in water and ethanol. It is non-toxic and hypoallergenic. It can be polished to a high gloss. The combination of properties leads to many applications, including use in food, cosmetics, automobile and furniture wax, molds for semiconductor devices, and as a coating for dental floss. You use products that contain carnauba wax every day, though you may not have known what the ingredient was or where it came from. It is one of those extremely useful natural chemicals and renewable resources that doesnt have a synthetic equivalent. As for my car smelling like candy: the wax does have a distinctive sweet scent. It might be more accurate to say many car waxes and candies smell like carnauba wax.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
What Is A Good SAT Essay Score SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips SAT Essay scoring can be tricky to figure out. Maybe you've already created target goals for your SAT score, following our guide, so you at least have that score goal set. But where does your essay score fit into all this? What is a good SAT essay score? This article will answer those questions. Note: The information in this article is for the old (pre-March-2016) SAT essay, which was scored out of 12 and part of the Writing section. Scores for the March 2016 SAT were only released May 10th, 2016, which means that data on percentiles and averages aren't going to be available for a while yet. We'll update this article as soon as the information comes out. feature image credit: Doing Great by Eli Christman, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. What Is the SAT Essay Out Of? Before you can know what a good SAT essay score is, you need to know how many points you can get total on the essay. So what's the SAT essay out of? Currently, the SAT essay is scored on a scale of 1 to 6 by two graders, for a total essay score out of 12. Your essay is scored holistically, which means you donÃ¢â¬â¢t get bumped down to a certain essay grade if you make, for instance, a certain number of comma errors. Instead, SAT essay scorers use the SAT essay rubric to grade your essay as a whole. Note: SAT essay scoring will change beginning with the March 2016 SAT. For more information on that change, read our other articles on the new SAT essay prompts and the new SAT essay. What Is a Good SAT Essay Score? As with most things on the SAT, a good essay score depends on what your goals are. These goals should be concrete and determined by the colleges youÃ¢â¬â¢re applying to - after all, if your reach schools have an average essay score of 9, then there's no need to burn yourself out trying to get that elusive 12. To some extent, your essay score goal will also be influenced by your performance on the multiple choice section of SAT Writing. If you do better on multiple-choice questions, you may be able to cut yourself some slack in the essay department. But how do figure out what your SAT Writing (and SAT essay) goals should be? Use our three-step process, explained below. Step 1: Know Your Target SAT Writing Score If youÃ¢â¬â¢ve read our free ebook on calculating your target SAT score, you may already have figured out your target SAT Writing score. If not, it's time to calculate it! I'll walk through the process using the example of Virginia Commonwealth Unversity. First, download this worksheet. It's designed for calculating your target SAT score out of 2400, so you'll have to modify it a little bit. Fill in the schools you want to apply to in the leftmost column. Here's what the worksheet will look like for Virginia Commonwealth University: Next, google "[name of school] average SAT writing" to get the middle 50% of all SAT Writing scores. For instance, if you're interested in Virginia Commonwealth University, you'd do the following search: There'll usually be a collegeapps.about.com link that has this information. Sometimes (as you can see above) the college website will also pop up, so you can use that to double-check your numbers. You're looking for the 25th and 75th percentile scores on the SAT Writing section. A quick refresher on what "percentile scores" mean: 25th percentile means that 25% of the students attending have a score at or below that number (below average). The 75th percentile means that 75% of students have a score at or below that number (above average). In essence, the 25th/75th percentile score range covers the middle 50% of all students admitted to Virginia Commonwealth University. If the sites donÃ¢â¬â¢t list a specific SAT Writing score range, you can divide the top and bottom of the overall SAT score range by 3 to get a general idea of what your Writing score needs to be. In this case, there is information about the SAT Writing score range, so we can fill that in on the worksheet: Do the same for all of the schools you want to apply to. Include dream or Ã¢â¬Å"reachÃ¢â¬ schools, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t include Ã¢â¬Å"safety schoolsÃ¢â¬ (schools you think you have at least a 90% chance of getting into). Once you've filled in the information for all of the schools you want to apply to, average the 25th percentile and 75th percentile columns, then choose a target SAT Writing score with that information. As it says on the worksheet, we recommend that you take the 75th percentile score as your target SAT Writing score. It'll give you a very strong chance of getting into the schools youÃ¢â¬â¢ve listed. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re applying to humanities programs, you may even want to consider a higher score target for SAT Writing. Step 2: Find an Official SAT Writing Score Chart The next step is to take a look at an SAT Writing score chart to find out the range of essay scores that will get you your target SAT Writing score. The chart will differ in precise score differences from test to test, but it can at least give you a broad idea of the range. Let's say that your target SAT Writing score is 576 (rounded up to 580). I've highlighted this in green in the following SAT Writing score chart (from an official SAT practice test): Writing MC Raw Score Essay Raw Score 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 0 49 800 800 800 800 790 760 750 730 720 710 690 680 48 800 800 780 770 750 720 710 690 680 670 650 640 47 790 770 760 740 720 700 680 660 650 640 630 620 46 770 750 740 720 700 680 660 650 630 620 610 600 45 750 740 720 710 690 660 650 630 620 610 590 580 44 740 730 710 690 670 650 630 620 600 590 580 570 43 730 710 700 680 660 640 620 600 590 580 560 550 42 720 700 680 670 650 630 610 590 580 570 550 540 41 700 690 670 660 640 610 600 580 570 560 540 530 40 690 680 660 650 630 600 590 570 560 550 530 520 39 690 670 650 640 620 590 580 560 550 540 520 510 38 680 660 640 630 610 590 570 550 540 530 510 500 37 670 650 640 620 600 580 560 540 530 520 500 490 36 660 640 630 610 590 570 550 530 520 510 490 490 35 650 640 620 600 580 560 540 530 510 500 490 480 34 640 630 610 590 570 550 530 520 510 490 480 470 33 630 620 600 590 570 540 530 510 500 490 470 460 32 630 610 600 580 560 540 520 500 490 480 460 450 31 620 600 590 570 550 530 510 500 480 470 460 450 30 610 600 580 560 540 520 500 490 480 460 450 440 29 610 590 570 560 540 520 500 480 470 460 440 430 28 600 580 570 550 530 510 490 470 460 450 430 420 27 590 580 560 540 520 500 480 470 450 440 430 420 26 580 570 550 540 510 490 480 460 450 440 420 410 25 580 560 550 530 510 490 470 450 440 430 410 400 24 570 550 540 520 500 480 460 450 430 420 410 400 23 560 550 530 510 490 470 450 440 430 410 400 390 22 560 540 520 510 490 470 450 430 420 410 390 380 21 550 530 520 500 480 460 440 420 410 400 380 380 20 540 530 510 490 470 450 430 420 400 390 380 370 19 530 520 500 490 470 440 430 410 400 390 370 360 18 530 510 500 480 460 440 420 400 390 380 360 350 17 520 500 490 470 450 430 410 400 380 370 360 350 16 510 500 480 470 440 420 400 390 380 360 350 340 15 510 490 470 460 440 420 400 380 370 360 340 330 14 500 480 470 450 430 410 390 370 360 350 330 330 13 490 480 460 440 420 400 380 370 350 340 330 320 12 480 470 450 440 410 390 380 360 350 340 320 310 11 480 460 440 430 410 390 370 350 340 330 310 300 10 470 450 440 420 400 380 360 340 330 320 300 300 9 460 450 430 410 390 370 350 340 320 310 300 290 8 450 440 420 400 380 360 340 330 320 300 290 280 7 440 430 410 400 380 350 340 320 310 300 280 270 6 440 420 400 390 370 350 330 310 300 290 270 260 5 430 410 390 380 360 340 320 300 290 280 260 250 4 420 400 380 370 350 330 310 290 280 270 250 240 3 410 390 370 360 340 320 300 280 270 260 240 230 2 390 380 360 350 320 300 290 270 260 250 230 220 1 380 370 350 330 310 290 270 260 240 230 220 210 0 370 350 340 320 300 280 260 240 230 220 200 200 -1 350 340 320 300 280 260 240 230 210 200 200 200 -2 340 320 300 290 270 250 230 210 200 200 200 200 -3 320 300 290 270 250 230 210 200 200 200 200 200 -4 and below 310 300 280 260 240 220 200 200 200 200 200 200 As you can see in the chart above, there are theoretically over ten ways to get a 580 on SAT Writing, with anywhere from a 25-46 multiple-choice raw score and a 0-12 essay score. But is it really realistic to expect to score a 12 on the SAT essay if your multiple-choice raw score is only a 25? Probably not. In 2015, the average SAT Writing score was a 484, and the average SAT essay score was a 7 (data from the CollegeBoard; for more on this, read our upcoming article on average SAT Writing scores). Based on this information (and on an official practice SAT Writing score chart), we've created a table of realistic essay scores you can expect to achieve if you're scoring in a certain range: SAT Writing Score Range Realistic Essay Score 200-340 4 or below 340-440 5 440-540 6 540-640 7 640-740 8 740-800 9 or above So while you can get a 580 on SAT Writing with an essay score from 0-12, you're more likely to do so if you can score a 7 or above on the essay. Step Three: Take a Timed SAT Writing Section and Score It The final step is to see what your multiple choice score is now so that you know how much prep time you'll have to put in. To do this, you'll need to take a timed SAT Writing section and calculate your multiple-choice raw score. The best way to get a realistic idea of what your raw multiple-choice Writing score is would be to take a full-length practice test (because itÃ¢â¬â¢ll give you an idea of how tired you get from the other sections and how you deal with switching back and forth). If you don't have the time to do this, just take the Writing sections from an official SAT practice test, adhering to the time limits. How do you calculate your multiple-choice raw Writing score? Use the following equation: Your raw score = (# of questions you got right - # of questions you got wrong x 0.25) For example, if you answered 34 (out of49) questions right, skipped 7, and got 8 questions wrong, your raw score would be: 34 Ã¢â¬â (8 x .25) = 34 Ã¢â¬â 2 = 32 With a raw score of 32, you can get anything from a 450 to a 630 on SAT Writing, depending on your essay score. If you stay at the same multiple-choice raw score, you'll need an essay score of 9 or above to make your target Writing score of 580. This is a tough essay score to get for anyone, especially considering the average essay score for 2015 was a 7. As you increase your multiple-choice raw score, the essay score needed to get your target score will drop. To use the example from before, if you're aiming for an SAT Writing score of 580, a realistic essay score would be a 7; according to the SAT Writing score chart above, this means you'll need to increase your raw multiple-choice score to a 37 (a far more manageable goal for most students than raising their essay scores to a 9). Actions To Take Figure out your target SAT Writing score, using the worksheet above. Use an SAT Writing scoring scale to figure out the essay grade youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to shoot for to make your target SAT Writing score. Figure out how youÃ¢â¬â¢re doing on the Writing multiple choice questions and how much you need to improve (both on the multiple-choice questions and on the essay) to meet your SAT Writing score goal. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? Get the inside scoop on what really goes on behind the scenes with our strategies based on interviews with real essay graders. Can you write a high-scoring SAT essay in less than a page? Discover how essay length affects your score in this article. Still confused about how the SAT essay is scored? Try our article that explains the official SAT essay scoring policy and what strategies you should use to take advantage of it. Curious about how well everyone does on the SAT essay? Read our article to find out whatÃ¢â¬â¢s an average SAT essay score. Want to improve your SAT score by 240 points? Check out our best-in-class online SAT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. 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